I n the s, South Australia and Queensland became some of the first jurisdictions in the world to enact laws prohibiting the non-medical use of a particular drug. These laws are the precursors to the modern drug criminalisation regime and would spread across Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the US over the next 20 years. These laws prohibited the manufacture, sale and use of opium, but, more than that, they specifically targeted Chinese migrants in their wording and application.
Poppers is the street term for various alkyl nitrites taken for recreational purposes through direct inhalation particularly amyl nitritebutyl nitrite and isobutyl nitrite. Inhaling nitrites relaxes smooth muscles throughout the body, including the sphincter muscles of the anus and the vagina. Alkyl nitrites are often used as a club drug or to enhance a sexual experience.
Studies have shown that, when compared with the general population, gay and bisexual men, lesbian, and transgender individuals are more likely to:. Alcohol and drug use among some gay and bisexual men can be a reaction to homophobia, discrimination, or violence they experienced due to their sexual orientation and can contribute to other mental health and physical problems. It can disrupt relationships, employment, and threaten financial stability.
Nitrite inhalants have become popular as recreational drugs among the homosexual population in some developed countries since the s. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to understand the knowledge, attitude, and status of nitrite inhalant use among Chinese MSM. The study participants were recruited from Tianjin, China between April and August Information, including demographics, sexual behavior, and RUSH use, was obtained through structured interviewer questionnaires.
Sharif Mowlabocus does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. While the use of amyl is not restricted to gay men, the drug has had a long association with gay male subculture.
Popper is a slang term given broadly to the chemical class called alkyl nitritesthat are inhaled. It is used for practical purposes to facilitating anal sex by increasing blood flow and relaxing sphincter muscles  or for recreational drug purposes, typically for the "high" or "rush" that the drug can create. Poppers have also been historically used for sexual encountersinitially within the gay community.
Psychoactive Drugs and Sex pp Cite as. The volatile nitrites, such as amyl nitrite, are liquids which are inhaled and have been used in medical practice since the mids in the treatment of angina pectoris. Prior tothese substances were available without prescription.
Government drug experts have advised that the new legislation banning so-called legal highs does not cover poppers, as the chemicals in them don't affect the brain in a direct way. In guidance that appears to call into question the validity of the Psychoactive Substances Actthe Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs ACMD said poppers do not fall under the definitions of "psychoactive" as laid out in the legislation — due to come into force in April. The new advice follows a controversial Commons debate in January that specifically discussed whether poppers should be included in the legislation.
Poppers is a common slang term for a range of chemical psychoactive drugs called alkyl nitrites, and in particular, the inhalant drug amyl nitrite. The most common type of poppers inhalant is amyl nitrite. It is often confused with amyl nitrate, which is, in fact, a different chemical with a similar name, often misspeled as amil nitrate.